Pioneering Indian Biochemist Kamala Sohonie Honored in Google Doodle on Her 112th Birth Anniversary

Kamala Sohonie honoured in Google doodles

Sunday’s Google Doodle paid tribute to Kamala Sohonie, an exceptional Indian biochemist whose groundbreaking work defied societal norms and opened doors for women in the field of science. On her 112th birth anniversary, the Doodle highlighted Sohonie’s pioneering research on “Neera,” a palm nectar-derived drink known for its high Vitamin C content. By celebrating Sohonie’s achievements, Google aimed to inspire future generations to overcome gender bias and pursue their scientific aspirations.Here are five fascinating facts about Kamala Sohonie:

Trailblazer in Science:

Sohonie made history in 1939 by becoming the first Indian woman to earn a Ph.D. in a scientific field. Her accomplishment shattered barriers at a time when women faced significant underrepresentation in scientific disciplines. She was recognized for her exceptional work on “Neera” and received the prestigious Rashtrapati Award. Additionally, Sohonie became the first female director of the Royal Institute of Science in Bombay.

Breaking Boundaries at IISc:

Sohonie’s journey began at the Indian Institute of Science (IISc) in Bangalore, where she faced strict conditions imposed by a skeptical director during her initial year. Undeterred, she became the institution’s first female student. Her remarkable competence not only dispelled doubts but also paved the way for more women to join the program.

Remarkable Discoveries at Cambridge:

Sohonie secured a research scholarship at Cambridge University, where she made a significant breakthrough by discovering Cytochrome C, a crucial enzyme for energy generation in all plant cells. Within a remarkable 14-month period, she completed her Ph.D. thesis based on this groundbreaking finding.

Nutritional Research and Neera:

After returning to India, Sohonie focused on studying the nutritional benefits of specific foods. Her work led to the development of an affordable dietary supplement called Neera. Derived from palm nectar, this drink is rich in Vitamin C and has proven effective in improving the health of malnourished children and pregnant women.

Early Life and Education:

Sohonie was born on this day in 1911 in Indore, Madhya Pradesh. Raised by chemist parents who served as role models, she developed a passion for chemistry and physics. Sohonie pursued her education at Bombay University, graduating at the top of her class in 1933.

Kamala Sohonie’s groundbreaking achievements continue to inspire and empower aspiring scientists, particularly women, to defy societal conventions and pursue their passions in scientific fields. Her legacy as a visionary biochemist and advocate for gender equality in science remains a powerful testament to the strength of determination and the ability to break barriers in pursuit of knowledge and innovation.


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here