The Deal between UK and EU Leading To The Windsor Framework

Britain's Prime Minister Rishi Sunak and European Commission chief Ursula von der Leyen at a joint press conference following their meeting at the Fairmont Hotel in Windsor, west of London, on February 27 (Photo: AFP)

The Windsor Framework is an agreement between the United Kingdom (UK) and the European Union (EU) that was signed on December 31, 2020. The framework sets out the terms of the post-Brexit relationship between the UK and the EU, including trade, security, and cooperation in various fields.

The framework has been described as a comprehensive agreement that aims to provide stability and certainty for businesses and individuals on both sides of the English Channel. Here is a closer look at the key elements of the Windsor Framework:


One of the main objectives of the Windsor Framework is to maintain the tariff-free and quota-free access to each other’s markets. Under the agreement, the UK and the EU have agreed to cooperate on customs procedures and ensure that goods can move freely between the two markets.

However, the framework does introduce some new administrative requirements for businesses that trade between the UK and the EU, such as customs declarations, and rules of origin certification. The aim of these measures is to ensure that goods traded between the UK and the EU meet the agreed-upon rules and standards.


The Windsor Framework also provides for cooperation in areas of security, law enforcement, and criminal justice. This includes the exchange of information and intelligence, and collaboration on issues such as terrorism, cybercrime, and money laundering.

The framework also establishes a framework for extradition between the UK and the EU, which will continue to be governed by the European Arrest Warrant system until a new agreement is reached.


The Windsor Framework provides for continued cooperation in the field of transport, including aviation, road transport, and maritime transport. This includes the recognition of each other’s licenses and certificates, as well as the coordination of regulations and standards.

The agreement also provides for the continuation of the EU’s air transport market for UK airlines, ensuring that they can continue to operate within the EU and vice versa.


The Windsor Framework also sets out the terms for cooperation on fisheries between the UK and the EU. Under the agreement, the EU will continue to have access to UK waters for a transition period of five and a half years, during which time the UK will gradually reduce the amount of fish it allows EU fishermen to catch in its waters.


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