Milia, also known as white pimples, are small, white, cyst-like bumps that appear on the skin. They are commonly found on the face, especially around the eyes, nose, and cheeks, but can also appear on other parts of the body such as the trunk, arms, and legs.
Milia are non-inflammatory and do not cause any pain or discomfort. Milia are formed when keratin, a protein found in skin cells, becomes trapped under the surface of the skin. This trapped keratin forms a small, round bump that is often mistaken for a whitehead pimple.
However, unlike whitehead pimples, milia do not have a visible pore and are not caused by bacteria or clogged pores. Milia are common in newborns and usually resolve on their own within a few weeks. In adults, milia can develop as a result of sun damage, aging, certain skin conditions, and the use of certain skin care products.
Treatment for milia depends on the underlying cause and the number of bumps. In many cases, no treatment is necessary as the milia will eventually disappear on their own. However, for those who are self-conscious about the appearance of milia or have a large number of bumps, there are several treatment options available. One common treatment option is manual extraction, which involves a dermatologist or esthetician using a sterile needle or lancet to gently remove the trapped keratin.
Another option is topical retinoids, which can help to exfoliate the skin and prevent the formation of new milia.
In some cases, laser treatment or chemical peels may also be recommended to treat milia.
However, these treatments should only be performed by a licensed dermatologist or skincare professional as they can cause damage to the skin if not performed properly.
It is important to remember that milia are not harmful and do not require treatment in all cases. If you are concerned about the appearance of milia, it is best to consult with a dermatologist or skincare professional to determine the best course of action.